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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 90

Effect of Streptococcus mutans on the flexural strength of resin-based restorative materials


1 Department of Operative Dentistry, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Department of Microbiology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
3 Department of Periodontics, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
4 Department of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Haleh Valizadeh Haghi
Department of Operative Dentistry, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.328758

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Background: There are a limited number of studies about the effects of microbial aging on the mechanical properties of restorative materials. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of simulated aging with Streptococcus mutans on the flexural strength of different resin-based materials. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was performed on the blocks of different types of restorative materials including composite resin, giomer, and a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI). Moreover, three types of aging, such as 30-day storage in distilled water, S. mutans, and germ-free culture medium, were used in this study. The three-point bending flexural strength of the specimens before and after aging was measured according to the International Organization for Standardization-4049 standard. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey's tests. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Results showed that the 30-day aging with the S. mutans significantly reduced the flexural strength of all three types of materials (P = 0.00). In all restorative materials, storage in a bacteria-free culture medium acted the same as distilled water, and there was no significant difference between these two solutions in terms of the flexural strength of the material, compared to the before-aging strength (P > 0.05). Furthermore, no significant difference was observed between S. mutans-based aging and distilled water aging regarding RMGI (P = 0.75). Conclusion: It can be concluded that aging by S. mutans reduced the flexural strength in all three restorative materials.


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