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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 106

A comparative evaluation of oral health status among institutionalized totally blind children using different methods – A randomized clinical trial

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, K D Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rupali Shrivastava
Department of Pedoddontics and Preventive Dentistry, K.D. Dental College and Hospital, Mathura K D Dental College and Hospital, NH 2, Chatikara, Mathura - 281 001, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.363565

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Background: To compare and evaluate the oral hygiene status among institutionalized visually impaired children using the Verbal, Braille, and Audio-Tactile method. Materials and Methods: The present study was a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial with a total of 96 visually impaired children both male and female, aged 6–16 years old were included in this study from a residential school for blind. They were divided into three groups: Group 1 − Verbal method, Group 2 − Braille method, and Group 3 − Audio-Tactile method. Baseline oral hygiene scores were recorded using the debris index, calculus index, gingival index and hand scaling was performed for all the children. Fone's brushing technique was taught to all the groups and fluoridated toothpaste was given to the children with 3 and 6 months of follow-up. Periodic reinforcement of oral hygiene instructions was done for each group. The collected data were tabulated and analyzed using the ANOVA test with (P < 0.01). Results: There was significant improvement in debris index, gingival index, and calculus index in all the three groups by the end of 6 months. All the three indices showed improvement in oral hygiene. Conclusion: Visually impaired children could maintain a respectable level of oral hygiene when taught specialized methods. However, periodic reinforcement is mandatory for good oral hygiene maintenance. Hence, it is recommended to use the combination of Verbal, Braille, and Audio-Tactile method for the best treatment outcomes in these special children.

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