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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57

Effect of immersion in sodium hypochlorite on cyclic fatigue resistance of RaCe, HyFlex CM and XP-endo shaper files


Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amin Mortaheb
Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.351346

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Background: This study assessed the effect of sodium hypochlorite on cyclic fatigue resistance of RaCe, HyFlex CM and XP-endo Shaper files. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro, experimental study, 90 RaCe, HyFlex CM and XP-endo Shaper files (n = 30 of each) were divided into two groups (n = 45). Group 1 included 15 files of each rotary system, which were immersed in 37°C sodium hypochlorite (5.25%) for 5 min. Group 2 files were immersed in 37°C saline for 5 min. The files underwent cyclic fatigue testing using simulated root canals in which, the rotary files could freely rotate until fracture. Time of fracture was recorded by a chronometer and the number of cycles until fracture was calculated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni test (α = 0.05). Results: No significant difference existed in the mean number of cycles or rotation time of files between saline and sodium hypochlorite (P > 0.05). The mean rotation time of RaCe was significantly shorter than that of HyFlex and XP-endo Shaper in both solutions (P < 0.05). The mean number of cycles of RaCe was significantly lower than that of HyFlex and XP-endo Shaper files in both solutions (P < 0.05). The mean number of cycles of HyFlex was significantly lower than that of XP-endo Shaper (P < 0.05). >Conclusion: Immersion of rotary files made of different alloys in 5.25% sodium hypochlorite for 5 min had no effect on their fracture resistance. However, type of file alloy affected its fatigue resistance such that XP-endo Shaper showed the highest and RaCe showed the lowest fatigue resistance.


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