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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65

Evaluation of internal fit of press ceramic and porous structured cobalt–chromium crown fabricated by additive manufacturing

1 3D Printer Team, Cybermed Inc., Yuseong-gu, Daegeon, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Dental Laboratory Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Mechanical Robotics and Energy Engineering, Dongguk University, Jung-Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Joong Yeon Lim
Dongguk University, Pildong-ro 1-Gil 30, Jung-Gu, Seoul 04620
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.353834

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Background: The purpose of this in vitro study is to fabricate a novel metal–ceramic prosthesis with a porous structure, to compensate for the disadvantages associated with the design of existing prostheses, and to measure the internal fit of this prosthesis. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, the mandibular first molar was scanned from the dental computer-aided-design to design a 3 mm porous structure frame. The frame was produced using the lamination method and fired in a pressed ceramic. For comparison, pore-free specimens were fabricated by selective laser sintering (SLS) as described above, and porous specimens were fabricated by casting (total n = 30). The internal fit was then measured using a digital microscope (at 100× magnification), and the data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). Results: The total mean internal discrepancies for each group were 42.32 ± 22.50 μm for the porous structure SLS group (PS-group), 107.54 ± 38.75 μm for no-porous casting group (group), and 121.36 ± 50.19 μm for the no-porous SLS group (group), with significant differences (P < 0.05) among all groups. Conclusion: The internal discrepancies of porous structure crown fabricated by SLS were smaller than that of no-porous crown fabricated by casting and SLS. Based on these laboratory findings, further studies should be conducted to evaluate the feasibility of the newly designed porous structure and press ceramic prosthesis to determine whether they can be applied in clinical practice.

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