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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 90

A comparative evaluation of fracture toughness, flexural strength, and acid buffer capability of a bulk-fill alkasite with high-strength glass-ionomer cement: An in vitro study

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Madhuri Sai Battula
Army College of Dental Sciences, CRPF Road, Jai Jawaharnagar Post, Hyderabad - 500 087, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.359327

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Background: Although glass-ionomer cement (GIC) has many unique properties and advantages, it still lacks favorable mechanical properties. Cention N is a recent alkasite material with excellent mechanical properties. The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical properties (fracture toughness [FT] and flexural strength [FS]) and acid buffer capability of an alkasite material to GIC. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, a total of 60 samples were prepared using Cention N or GIC. Twenty specimens (n = 10) were prepared using beam-shaped Teflon molds for FS, and twenty specimens (n = 10) were prepared with a similar mold with a notch for FT. These were evaluated on a universal testing machine using a three-point bend test. Twenty (n = 10) disk-shaped specimens were prepared for acid buffer capability. The samples were stored in distilled water for a week. This was followed by immersion in lactic acid with a pH of 4 for calculation of the materials acid buffering capacity at 30 and 60 min from exposure using a pH meter. The data obtained were tabulated and subjected to Kolmogorov–Smirnov test and Shapiro–Wilk test to assess the normal distribution and further analyzed using the Student's t-test to assess the level of significance, P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean FT, FS, and acid buffer capability of Cention N were significantly higher than GIC at P < 0.05. Conclusion: The present study surmised that Cention N exhibited higher FT, FS, and acid buffer capability than GIC.

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