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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 97

Comparison of subcutaneous inflammatory response induced by elastomeric orthodontic ligatures coated with silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles with control group on rats


1 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran
3 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahnaz Ersi
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.361362

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Background: Silver and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have recently become common to coat ligatures in order to take advantage of positive properties of nanoparticles, although there are concerns about their cytotoxicity. This study tended to compare subcutaneous inflammatory response induced by elastomeric orthodontic ligatures coated with silver and ZnO nanoparticles with a control group in rats. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro and animal cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction of silver nitrate solution in the presence of sodium borohydride and ZnO nanoparticles by the same method and by chemical reduction of zinc sulfate solution with sodium hydroxide and were coated on elastomeric ligatures. Subcutaneous inflammation degrees were assessed after 15 and 30 days and were compared in the groups by Kruskal–Wallis test and ordinal generalized estimation equation with exchangeable correlation matrix. All tests were performed with a significance level (P = 0.05). Results: There was a significant difference in terms of degrees of inflammation in the groups coated with ZnO nanoparticles (P = 0.003) and silver nanoparticles (P = 0.04) compared to the control group in 15- and 30-day samples. Zinc nanoparticles caused 3.22 times more inflammation than silver nanoparticles (P = 0.053). The decrease in inflammation was significant over time in all groups (P = 0.001). Conclusion: There was a significant more inflammation in the groups receiving ZnO and silver nanoparticles compared to the control group in 15- and 30-day samples. Silver nanoparticles are probably safer than zinc nanoparticles for tissue and a better material to choose for antibacterial effects.


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