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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35

Influence of polishing systems on surface roughness of four resin composites subjected to thermocycling aging


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sahar Mohamed Elmarsafy
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, P.O. Box 715, Makkah

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.372652

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Background: Surface smoothness considered to be a significant part of the appearance and success of the restorative materials. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of four different polishing systems on surface roughness of four resin composite materials when subjected to thermocycling. Materials and Methods: This research was designed as a comparative study. Four resin composites were used which are: Nanofill composite (Filtek Supreme XT), nanohybrid composite (Tetric EvoCeram), microfill composite (Renamel Microfill), and microhybrid composite (Filtek Z250). Sixty disk-shaped specimens of each resin composite were prepared then divided into four groups according to the polishing system (n = 15); which were Sof-Lex Spiral, Diatech Shapeguard, Venus Supra, and Astropol. The specimens of each group were polished following the manufactures' instructions, then surface roughness, Ra values in μm were measured initially and after the specimens subjected to thermal cycling. The influence of resin composites, polishing systems, thermocycling, and their interaction effects on surface roughness (Ra mean values) was statistically analyzed mainly by using the repeated measures two-way analysis of variance test, whereas the Bonferroni''s post hoc test was applied for pair-wise comparisons. P ≤ 0.05 was used as the significant level. Results: The results of this study revealed that Filtek Supreme XT recorded significantly the lowest mean surface roughness (Ra) of 0.2533 ± 0.073 μm (P < 0.001). The Sof-Lex Spiral polishing system revealed significantly the lowest mean surface roughness (Ra) of 0.2734 ± 0.0903 μm (P = 0.004). Regardless of composite type and polishing system, there was a statistically significant increase in mean surface roughness values (Ra) in μm after thermocycling (0.2251 ± 0.0496 μm and 0.3506 ± 0.0868 μm, respectively) (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Resin composite type, polishing method, and thermocycling aging significantly affected the surface roughness of composites; Nanofill composite and Sof-Lex Spiral polishing system provided the lowest values of surface roughness which increased after thermocycling.


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