Dental Research Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 109-

Comparison of dental treatments performed under general anesthesia for healthy and disabled children


Nasser Kaviani1, Maryam Ghafournia2, Salim Mirzaali3, Shirin Marzoughi2, Reza Salari-Moghaddam4 
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Center, Dental Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Research Center, Dental Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Dental Research Center, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shirin Marzoughi
Postgraduate Student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran

Background: This study aimed to assess and compare the type of dental procedures performed under general anesthesia for healthy and disabled children. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study evaluated 361 dental records of children who received dental treatments under general anesthesia in the operating room of Torabinejad Research Center during 2011–2013. Patients with mental or physical disability were categorized as disabled. The age and gender of patients, number of treated teeth, duration of general anesthesia, type of tooth, and type of dental treatment such as extraction, pulp therapy, placement of stainless steel crowns, composite restoration, preventive resin restoration (PRR), fissure sealant treatment, and fluoride therapy were separately recorded for the healthy group and patients with disability. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, and independent sample t-test at P < 0.05 level of significance. Results: Of 361 patients, 263 patients were healthy and 102 patients had disability. Of all disabled children, 48% had physical and 52% had mental disability. Among patients with physical disability, allergy (40%), followed by cardiovascular diseases (26%) were the most common. Mental retardation (54%) followed by cerebral palsy (10%) were the most common mental disabilities. Number of extracted teeth was significantly higher in disabled children (P = 0.006). Furthermore, disabled children received significantly lower PRR (P = 0.015), fissure sealant treatment (P = 0.003), fluoride therapy (P = 0.002), and pulp therapy (P < 0.001) compared with healthy children. Conclusion: Tooth extraction has a higher frequency in disabled children; while, attempts are made to preserve the teeth as much as possible in healthy children.


How to cite this article:
Kaviani N, Ghafournia M, Mirzaali S, Marzoughi S, Salari-Moghaddam R. Comparison of dental treatments performed under general anesthesia for healthy and disabled children.Dent Res J 2021;18:109-109


How to cite this URL:
Kaviani N, Ghafournia M, Mirzaali S, Marzoughi S, Salari-Moghaddam R. Comparison of dental treatments performed under general anesthesia for healthy and disabled children. Dent Res J [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 23 ];18:109-109
Available from: https://www.drjjournal.net/article.asp?issn=1735-3327;year=2021;volume=18;issue=1;spage=109;epage=109;aulast=Kaviani;type=0